At a time of growth and consolidation of Higher Education in Angola and taking into account the role of this subsystem for the development of societies, the analysis of their costs and levels of funding is truly essential to support a better definition of public policies able to promote the quality, diversification and accessibility.
The study allowed to make a diagnosis as deep as possible of the reality of Higher Education in the country, giving voice to the actors: political decision makers, government institutions, students and families.
In this context, it was possible to reflect on the challenge that the country faces in developing its subsystem of higher education, namely in volume, quality, but above all in terms of accessibility, equity and social justice.
By considering researches and analyzes carried out, possible scenarios for the development of Angolan Higher Education were developed and presented, in each of them, alternatives of the role to be played by the main actors of this subsystem of education - namely, the State, individuals, students and their families.
This study is, in itself, unprecedented in the Angolan context since it reveals, organizes and systematizes reference information for the subsystem. Special note should be made to the analysis of the costs of students and families in Higher Education that, having followed a methodology validated in many countries, including African countries, provides international comparisons, presenting this circumstance as very advantageous not only for the characterization but also for research and development in this field.
It should also be noted that the contribution of this Technical Assistance was not confined in the Study elaboration.
The promotion of debate and internal reflection on the need to introduce strategies and routines for the systematization, sharing and organization of data between Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and the Ministry represented, in itself, an important institutional and operational strengthening measure of each HEI and of the Ministry itself, as the entity responsible for the subsystem.
On the other hand, the Technical Assistance also presented to the Ministry new instruments for data collection – which are appropriate to the national situation - that could be gradually applied in the near future - if the Ministry decides so – towards a regular and systematic data collection for the sector - whether on the side of institutions or on the side of students and families.
Elaborated between June 2016 and December 2017, the Technical Assistance was financed by the African Development Bank.
See here the Study on the Costs and Financing of Higher Education in Angola (portuguese version).